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Building Type Basics For Research Laboratories by Daniel D. Watch
Lists with This Book. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Community Reviews. Showing Rating details. All Languages. More filters. Sort order. Narjes Zivdar rated it it was amazing Jan 03, Dante D'Anthony rated it it was amazing May 01, Carolyne rated it really liked it Oct 28, Mohammad added it May 07, Hames Sharley added it Nov 30, MC marked it as to-read Mar 17, James added it Mar 05, Tudor Pascan added it Mar 10, Sandeep added it Mar 19, LorDaniel marked it as to-read Feb 27, Ayman Elkady marked it as to-read Apr 10, Jamie Florence marked it as to-read Jul 04, GG A marked it as to-read Jun 20, Ashwag marked it as to-read Nov 07, Randa added it Dec 10, Carloalberto Grimaldo added it Aug 11, Caleb Bennett marked it as to-read Dec 15, BIG added it Apr 11, Hossam Aldean added it May 28, A global research marketplace is emerging, with the United States and many other nations investing huge sums in research intended to advance the state of the art in science and technology and to make them more competitive.
The proliferation of global alliances between the private and public sectors will spur the design and construction of facilities ranging from single buildings to great research parks. The team concept has stood facilities design on its head, as laboratory structures now must provide attractive locations throughout the building for researchers to gather and talk.
New software is able to crunch huge numbers at unheard-of speeds, communicate documents across any distance in a few seconds, and create real-time forums for researchers in far distant parts of the world. The implications for laboratory design are immense, demanding access to electronic communications systems throughout the building. The arrival of the wireless web may well simplify these systems, but at this writing a number of uncertainties concerning this emerging technology keeps wired systems at the forefront of design.
Consequently, designs will increasingly be oriented not to a single specialty but to a range of disciplines. This chapter includes space guidelines. Chapters 3 and 4 cover architectural and engineering design issues, respectively. Chapter 3 focuses especially on planning the lab module, key adjacencies, casework, ergonomics, fume hoods, and security. Chapter 4 deals with the four main engineering systems—structure, mechanical, electrical, plumbing—along with communications and renovation.
Chapter 5 offers useful cost guidelines.
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I hope this book serves you well—as guide, reference, and inspiration. The program was1.
It was a wonderful project and a valuable experience. The people at Glaxo taught me the importance of designing high-quality laboratories. After that project, I knew I wanted to design more laboratories, because of thecomplexity of the work, because of the opportunity to work with researchers, and, notleast, because there was a construction boom in laboratory facilities. From then on, each time I went to a new city, I spent time visiting academic andcorporate labs.
I even spent portions of my vacation touring lab facilities. I ended up seeing quite afew labs, all over the United States. The more I saw, the more I understood the widerange of labs and the wider range of design solutions. I began writing down the lessonsId learned, photographing the buildings, and developing an extensive library ofresources. Now I have the opportunity to share my research with clients and with otherarchitects. It is especiallyenjoyable to take clients on site visits. Finding theanswers to questions that clients and other architects and engineers have asked me is alarge part of the genesis of this book.
As I work on each project today, I focus on creating new and unique solutions that areappropriate for the researchers, administrators, facility engineers, and architectural andengineering design team that I am working with. When I put the plans and elevations ofeach project that I have been responsible for on the wall, I am pleased to see that no twoare alike.
I will continue to ask others what is working well in their lab facilities,and I hope people will continue to be gracious and share their knowledge with me. The photos, drawings, and other images in the book — whichclarify and reinforce key issues throughout — come from approximately 50 researchlaboratory projects in the United States about half the states are represented in theprojects illustrated here , United Kingdom, South Korea, and China. I appreciate theircomments, suggestions, and time. I am thankful to those who have given me permission to show photographs ordrawings of their projects.
I would like to thank Rick Johnson and Fisher Hamilton for information, drawings,and illustrations on the latest in casework design. I would also like to thank my wife, Terrie, and daughters, Megan and Kalie, for theirpatience and understanding during the time I spent putting this book together. Technology waslimited, and there was little equipment to support the research.
The development of interstitial space.
Louis I. Kahn, architect. The three key drivers of this change are the development of the competitive global marketplace, the move toward team-based research, and the use of computer technology to accelerate the research process. The global marketplace is changing the face of research. The global marketplace has spurred the merger and consolidation of several large research companies.
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Research parks are being constructed and growing at a rapid pace because of the partnering of the private and public sectors. Major strides are increasingly likely to be made by research teams, both domestic and international, rather than by individuals. In , half the articles in the science journals had multiple authors, and almost 30 percent of these involved international collaboration. Partnering and the sharing of resources are becoming the norm. Less time is being spent in the lab, and more in meetings, both face-to-face and teleconferenced. Researchers are requiring breakout areas within their lab areas to encourage spontaneous as well as planned work sessions for exchanging information and ideas.
In addition, lab teams have to be able to change their work spaces quickly and with little cost. Lab layouts are changing to allow for interactive research. As in any business today, the computer is a way of life and a necessity in the laboratory. Computer technology is speeding up the entire research process, from discovery to market.
Computers are encouraging researchers to reinvent their laboratory environments. The demand for and the production of more discoveries creates the need to upgrade existing labs, construct new laboratory facilities, and provide support functions such as pilot plants and manufacturing facilities. Reduce distractions andaccommodating future demands. Make science parks to facilitate partnerships purchasing and planning decisions between government, private-sector with an eye to accommodating future industry, and academia needs. Providefor creating a productive workplace.
Building Type Basics for Research Laboratories
These telecommuting. The most tool rather than just another productive and successful scientists are expenditure. Accommodate work.
They display an astonishing 3 Boyer Center forMolecular Medicine, Yale become available. Thus, science buildings. University, New Haven, functions best when it is supported byConnecticut. Stevenson Center resources. With congregate outside their labs to talk withTennessee. Payette the advent of a new research model that one another. Recognizing this, designers Virginia, Charlottesville. Ellensweig Associates, Inc. Common support spaces, eye. Boyer Center forStudies have shown the use of color to such as cold rooms, glassware storage, Molecular Medicine, Yalecreate interior spaces can support the and chemical storage, can be situated in University, New Haven, Connecticut.
ISBN 13: 9780470163337
Planning central locations for lab support 5 University, Nashville, In academic laboratories, socialTennessee. Payette opportunities can be provided by pre-Associates, Inc. LS3P and along corridors — all areas whereArchitects, Ltd. Payette Associates, Inc. Collaborative research requiresarchitect. As data are sharedevents and otherwise serve throughout the team and with otherto welcome users into the teams, and as networks connect peoplebuilding. Vernal G. Riffe, Jr. Social Buildings for Team-Based Research 7 Seating at entry. Break-out rooms allow researchers to meet outside their labs.
Biochemistry Building, University of Wisconsin, Madison. In an ever more competitiveenvironment, an organization looking torecruit research staff must provide morethan just a laboratory to work in.
Candidates will want to know who theircoworkers will be, how they will worktogether, and how the team will besupported. And most researchers arelooking for laboratory environments thataccommodate and encourage interactive,interdisciplinary approaches to research. In open Most laboratory facilities built orlabs, researchers share not only the space designed since the mids possessitself but also equipment, bench space, some type of open lab, and the trend isand support staff. The open lab format evident in government, private-sector, andfacilitates communication between academic labs. The National Institutes ofscientists and makes the space more easily Health, in Bethesda, Maryland, and theadaptable for future needs.
A wide variety Centers for Disease Control, in Atlanta,of labs — from wet biology and chemistry Georgia, emphasize open labs in theirlabs, to engineering labs, to dry computer biological safety laboratories. An example 9 Nuclear magnetic resonance NMR equipment, electron microscopes, tissue culture labs, darkrooms, and glass washing are examples of equipment and activities that must be housed in separate, dedicated spaces. In some cases,computers, and mobilecasework. Technology labs support the drug development individual closed labs can directly access aEnhanced Learning process, while others the Bio6 and Bio8 larger, shared open lab.
When a researcherCenter, State University of buildings primarily support discovery requires a separate space, an individualWest Georgia, Carrolton. Equipment and bench space can research to occur in the same room. This concept can be taken facility managers in a timely, cost-further to create a lab module that allows effective manner. Churn can beglass walls to be located almost anywhere. The glass walls allow people to see each If churn simply entails moving peopleother easily while also having their from one lab to another — keeping theindividual spaces.
Flexibility can of a laboratory within the existing walls. The engineering services are option of all. Basically, an area of the building is emptied and the Flexible Engineering Systems space is reconstructed. Labs must have easy approaches described above. The engineering and the ways in which research is systems may need to be designed to performed, may require the construction enable fume hoods to be removed or of a new facility and the relocation of added, to allow the space to be changed people and equipment to that location. Flexibilityof the controls outside the lab. Installing vertical risers during initial From the start, mechanical systems need construction takes little time andto be designed for a maximum number of approximately a one-third the cost offume hoods in the building.
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Courtesy Fisherinto the main laboratory exhaust system. An open lab allows the research team to position casework and equipment for each project. Equipment zones It typically takes about three years for a lab to be designed and built. During this time, an organizations research needs may change or the people doing the research may leave and be replaced by others.
In either case, there is a good chance that the purpose of the lab will change. To minimize this problem, equipment zones should be created in the initial design. Space should be allowed will be needed to do the work. Thewithin an equipment zone. The lab can electrical needs. It labeled to identify the contents, pressure, may also be helpful to locate 3 ft to 6 ft and temperature. Engineering systems equipment zones on the outside walls to are discussed in much greater detail in accommodate cylinders near fume hoods chapter 4.
Today, generically, most of the labs are the same14 Generic lab design may until construction is completed. The from one lab to another. The following are three must be designed to accept the neededpossibilities among many variations: equipment easily. Storage cabinets percent stand-up casework, with the that are 7 ft tall allow a large volume rest of the space open.
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The sit-down of space for storage and can be very casework is for work areas, computer affordable, compared to the cost of imaging, and other types of research multiple base cabinets. Mobile write-up that require the researcher to be stations can be moved into the lab sitting down for long periods of time. Casework can and then moved to equipment stations asaccount for 10 percent or more of a needed. Data ports are also locatedconstruction budget. But, by purchasing adjacent to electrical outlets along theonly what is initially needed, a facility can casework.
Instrument cart assemblies arereduce casework costs to as little as 6 to 8 designed to allow for the sharing ofpercent of the overall budget. Of course, instruments between labs. Many mobile cartscasework and equipment may be funded are load tested to support 2, lb. This is a Mobile carts can be designed with 1 in. Courtesy FisherHamilton.
Mobile carts forequipment storage. Courtesy Fisher Hamilton. The drawer units can be equipped with locks.